SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2019
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES|
|NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Principles of Consolidation
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, Applied Products LLC (100% owned entity), VitaCBD LLC, an 80% owned entity, Trace Analytics, Inc., a 51% owned entity, all Washington limited liability companies, and Applied Biopharma LLC and SHL Management LLC, both 100% owned Nevada limited liability companies. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Management evaluates its investments on an individual basis for purposes of determining whether or not consolidation is appropriate.
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
Preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Among other things, management estimates include the collectability of its accounts receivable, recoverability of inventory, assumptions made in determining impairment of investments and intangible assets, accruals for potential liabilities, and realization of deferred tax assets. These estimates generally involve complex issues and require judgments, involve analysis of historical information and the prediction of future trends, and are subject to change from period to period. Actual amounts could differ significantly from these estimates.
The Company’s revenue is principally derived from its subsidiaries, Applied Products LLC, and Trace Analytics.
The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09,
Revenue from Contracts with Customers(Topic 606) (“ASC 606”). The underlying principle of ASC 606 is to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at the amount expected to be collected. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contracts, which includes (1) identifying the contracts or agreements with a customer, (2) identifying the Company’s performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the services it transfers to its clients.
The Company expenses advertising costs as incurred. Advertising expense for the nine month periods ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 amounted to $37,144 and $40,769, respectively, and were included in “Sales and marketing expenses” in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Earnings (Loss) per Share
The basic earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Shares of common stock to be issued are included in weighted average shares calculation from the date of grant. The diluted earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding is the basic weighted average number of shares adjusted for any potentially dilutive debt or equity. Diluted earnings (loss) per share are the same as basic earnings (loss) per share due to the lack of dilutive items.
The Company follows ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. ASU 2016-01 primarily affects equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. Among other things, this guidance requires certain equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. As such, the Company measures its equity investments at their fair value at end of each reporting period.
Investments accounted for under the equity method or cost method of accounting above are included in the caption “Equity investments” on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination. The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis or whenever events and changes in circumstances suggest that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company conducts its annual impairment analysis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Impairment of goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair value of the reporting unit. Estimations and assumptions regarding the number of reporting units, future performances, results of the Company’s operations and comparability of its market capitalization and net book value will be used. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill is considered impaired and an impairment loss is measured by the resulting amount. Because the Company has one reporting unit, as part of the Company’s qualitative assessment an entity-wide approach to assess goodwill for impairment is utilized. Based on management’s assessment, no impairment losses have been recorded in the nine month periods ended December 31, 2019.
Stock Based Compensation
The Company issues stock options and warrants, shares of common stock, and equity interests as share-based compensation to employees and non-employees. The Company accounts for its share-based compensation to employees in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation. Stock-based compensation cost is measured at the grant date, based on the estimated fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period.
In prior periods up to March 31, 2019, the Company accounted for share-based compensation issued to non-employees and consultants in accordance with the provisions of FASB ASC 505-50, Equity - Based Payments to Non-Employees. Measurement of share-based payment transactions with non-employees is based on the fair value of whichever is more reliably measurable: (a) the goods or services received; or (b) the equity instruments issued. The final fair value of the share-based payment transaction is determined at the performance completion date. For interim periods, the fair value is estimated, and the percentage of completion is applied to that estimate to determine the cumulative expense recorded.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. The guidance was issued to simplify the accounting for share-based transactions by expanding the scope of Topic 718 from only being applicable to share-based payments to employees to also include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. As a result, nonemployee share-based transactions will be measured by estimating the fair value of the equity instruments at the grant date, taking into consideration the probability of satisfying performance conditions. The Company adopted ASU 2018-07 on April 1, 2019. The adoption of the standard did not have a material impact on our financial statements for the three and nine months periods ended December 31, 2019 or the previously reported financial statements.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company evaluates its financial instruments to determine if such instruments are derivatives or contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives. For derivative financial instruments that are accounted for as liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then re-valued at each reporting date, with changes in the fair value reported in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The classification of derivative instruments, including whether such instruments should be recorded as liabilities or as equity, is evaluated at the end of each reporting period. Derivative instrument liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement of the derivative instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date.
To determine the number of authorized but unissued shares available to satisfy outstanding convertible securities, the Company uses a sequencing method to prioritize its convertible securities as prescribed by ASC 815-40-35. At each reporting date, the Company reviews its convertible securities to determine their classification is appropriate.
Prior to April 1, 2019, the Company accounted for leases under ASC 840,
Accounting for Leases. Effective April 1, 2019, the Company adopted the guidance of ASC 842,
Leases,which requires an entity to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases. The Company adopted ASC 842 using a modified retrospective approach. As a result, the comparative financial information has not been updated and the required disclosures prior to the date of adoption have not been updated and continue to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those periods. The adoption of ASC 842 resulted in the recognition of operating lease right-of-use assets of $372,490 on October 1, 2019 upon commencement of the new leases of the Company. There was no cumulative-effect adjustment to accumulated deficit. See Note 9 for further information regarding the adoption of ASC 842.
The Company operates in one segment for the distribution of products and services. In accordance with the “Segment Reporting” Topic of the ASC, the Company’s chief operating decision maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Existing guidance, which is based on a management approach to segment reporting, establishes requirements to report selected segment information quarterly and to report annually entity-wide disclosures about products and services, major customers, and the countries in which the entity holds material assets and reports revenue. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under “Segment Reporting” due to their similar customer base and similarities in: economic characteristics; nature of products and services; and procurement, manufacturing and distribution processes. Since the Company operates in one segment, all financial information required by “Segment Reporting” can be found in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (Topic 326), which replaces the incurred-loss impairment methodology and requires immediate recognition of estimated credit losses expected to occur for most financial assets, including trade receivables. Credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities with unrealized losses will be recognized as allowances for credit losses limited to the amount by which fair value is below amortized cost. ASU 2016-13 is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2020 and early adoption is permitted. The Company does not believe the potential impact of the new guidance and related codification improvements will be material to its financial position, results of operations and cash flows.
Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef