SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2019
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Applied Products LLC, VitaCBD LLC, an 80% owned entity, Trace Analytics, Inc., a 51% owned entity, all Washington limited liability companies, and SHL Management LLC, a 100% owned entity, a Nevada limited liability company. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. Management evaluates its investments on an individual basis for purposes of determining whether or not consolidation is appropriate.
Use of Estimates and Assumptions
Preparation of the consolidated financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect certain reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Among other things, management estimates include the collectability of its accounts receivable, recoverability of inventory, estimates of fair value of equity investments, assumptions made in determining purchase price allocation, impairment of investments and intangible assets, accruals for potential liabilities, and realization of deferred tax assets. These estimates generally involve complex issues and require judgments, involve analysis of historical information and the prediction of future trends, and are subject to change from period to period. Actual amounts could differ significantly from these estimates.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company follows paragraph 820-10-35-37 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“Paragraph 820-10-35-37”) to measure the fair value of its financial instruments and paragraph 825-10-50-10 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification for disclosures about fair value of its financial instruments. Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a framework for measuring fair value in accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. To increase consistency and comparability in fair value measurements and related disclosures, Paragraph 820-10-35-37 establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three (3) broad levels. The three (3) levels of fair value hierarchy defined by Paragraph 820-10-35-37 are described below:
Financial assets are considered Level 3 when their fair values are determined using pricing models, discounted cash flow methodologies or similar techniques and at least one significant model assumption or input is unobservable.
The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs. If the inputs used to measure the financial assets and liabilities fall within more than one level described above, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument.
The carrying amounts of the Company’s financial assets and liabilities, such as accounts receivables and accounts payable approximate their fair values because of the short maturity of these instruments. The Company uses Level 3 inputs for its investments.
The changes in carrying amounts of the equity investments the years ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
The Company’s revenue is principally derived from its subsidiaries, Applied Products LLC, and Trace Analytics.
Prior to April 1, 2018, the Company recognized its revenue in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 605 Revenue Recognition , upon the delivery of its services or products when: (1) delivery had occurred or services rendered; (2) persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed; (3) there are no continuing obligations to the customer; and (4) the collection of related accounts receivable was probable.
Effective April 1, 2018 the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASC 606”) which superseded previous revenue recognition guidance. The underlying principle of ASC 606 is to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers at the amount expected to be collected. ASC 606 creates a five-step model that requires entities to exercise judgment when considering the terms of contracts, which includes (1) identifying the contracts or agreements with a customer, (2) identifying the Company’s performance obligations in the contract or agreement, (3) determining the transaction price, (4) allocating the transaction price to the separate performance obligations, and (5) recognizing revenue as each performance obligation is satisfied. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the services it transfers to its clients. The Company has concluded that the new guidance did not require any significant change to its revenue recognition processes and the implementation of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.
The Company recognizes amounts billed to a customer in a sale transaction related to shipping as revenue. The costs incurred by the Company for shipping are classified as cost of revenue in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The Company expenses advertising costs as incurred. Advertising expense for the fiscal periods ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 amounted to $541,873 and $160,295, respectively, and were included in "Sales and marketing expenses" in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined principally on a first-in-first-out average cost basis. Inventories consist of finished goods held for sale. Management regularly reviews inventory quantities on-hand and records an inventory provision for excess or obsolete inventory based on the future expected demand for our products. Inventory write-downs are measured as the difference between the cost of the inventory and market value, based upon assumptions about future demand that are inherently difficult to assess. There was no provision for inventory obsolescence necessary as of March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount, net of allowances for doubtful accounts. The allowance for doubtful accounts is based on the Company’s assessment of the collectability of accounts. The Company regularly reviews the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts by considering the age of each outstanding invoice and the collection history of each customer to determine whether a specific allowance is appropriate. Accounts receivable deemed uncollectible are charged against the allowance for doubtful accounts when identified. As of March 31, 2018, the allowance for doubtful accounts was $2,227. The Company did not deem it necessary to provide an allowance for doubtful accounts as of March 31, 2019.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The Company uses an estimated useful life of three years for employee-related computers and software, three years for other office equipment and computer hardware, and five years for machinery and furniture. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the shorter of the lease-term or the estimated useful life of the related asset.
Management regularly reviews property and equipment and other long-lived assets for possible impairment. This review occurs annually or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying amount of the asset may not be recoverable. Based upon management’s annual assessment, there were no indicators of impairment of the Company’s property and equipment and other long-lived assets as of March 31, 2019.
Earnings (Loss) per Share
The basic earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares during the period. Shares of common stock to be issued are included in weighted average shares calculation from the date of grant. The diluted earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the Company’s net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The diluted weighted average number of shares outstanding is the basic weighted average number of shares adjusted for any potentially dilutive debt or equity. Diluted earnings (loss) per share are the same as basic earnings (loss) per share due to the lack of dilutive items.
Through March 31, 2018, the Company used either the equity method or the cost method of accounting. The Company used the equity method for unconsolidated equity investments in which the Company was considered to have significant influence over the operations of the investee. The Company used the cost method for all other investments. Under the cost method, there is no change to the cost basis unless there is an other-than-temporary decline in value or dividends are received. If the decline is determined to be other-than-temporary, the Company writes down the cost basis of the investment to a new cost basis that represents realizable value.
On April 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASU 2016-01, Financial Instruments – Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. ASU 2016-01 primarily affects equity investments, financial liabilities under the fair value option, and the presentation and disclosure requirements for financial instruments. Among other things, this new guidance requires certain equity investments to be measured at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in net income. As such, the Company measures its equity investments at their fair value at end of each reporting period.
Investments accounted for under the equity method or cost method of accounting above are included in the caption "Equity investments" on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Intangible assets are recorded when such assets are acquired and are amortized over the estimated useful life of the intangible asset. The Company regularly reviews intangible assets to determine if facts and circumstances indicate that the useful lives have changed from the original estimate or that the carrying amount of the assets may not be recoverable. If such facts and circumstances exist, the Company assesses the recoverability of identified intangible assets by comparing the projected undiscounted net cash flows associated with the related asset or group of assets over their remaining lives against their respective carrying amounts. Impairments, if any, are based on the excess of the carrying amount over the fair value of those assets and occur in the period in which the impairment determination was made.
On February 23, 2017, the Company consummated an Asset Purchase Agreement (the “Agreement”) with mCig, Inc. for the purchase of the VitaCBD brand name. In connection with the Agreement, the Company recorded intangible assets of $1,138,135. During the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, sales of the VitaCBD products did not meet management’s expectations and the Company was not able to achieve the expected operating results. As a result, the Company impaired the intangible asset related to the acquisition of the VitaCBD brand name and recorded an impairment charge of $893,667.
Goodwill represents the excess of the purchase consideration over the fair value of the net tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination. During the year ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded goodwill of $1,941,149 related to the purchase of Trace Analytics (see Note5). The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis or whenever events and changes in circumstances suggest that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. The Company conducts its annual impairment analysis in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year. Impairment of goodwill is tested at the reporting unit level by comparing the reporting unit’s carrying amount, including goodwill, to the fair value of the reporting unit. Estimations and assumptions regarding the number of reporting units, future performances, results of the Company’s operations and comparability of its market capitalization and net book value will be used. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill is considered impaired and an impairment loss is measured by the resulting amount. Because the Company has one reporting unit, as part of the Company’s qualitative assessment an entity-wide approach to assess goodwill for impairment is utilized. No impairment losses have been recorded in the fiscal years ended March 31, 2019 and 2018.
Stock Based Compensation
The Company periodically issues stock options and warrants to employees and non-employees in non-capital raising transactions, for services and for financing costs. The Company accounts for share-based payments under the guidance as set forth in the Share-Based Payment Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees, officers, directors, and consultants, including employee stock options, based on estimated fair values. The Company estimates the fair value of share-based payment awards to employees and directors on the date of grant using a Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model, and the value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the required service period in the Company’s statements of operations. The Company accounts for stock option and warrant grants issued and vesting to non-employees in accordance with the authoritative guidance whereas the value of the stock compensation is based upon the measurement date as determined at either a) the date at which a performance commitment is reached, or b) the date at which the necessary performance to earn the equity instruments is complete. Stock-based compensation is based on awards ultimately expected to vest and is reduced for estimated forfeitures. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, as necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.
The Company accounts for its business combinations using the purchase method of accounting where the cost is allocated to the underlying net tangible and intangible assets acquired, based on their respective fair values. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair values of the net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill. Identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree are recognized and measured as of the acquisition date at fair value. Additionally, contingent consideration, if any. is recorded at fair value on the acquisition date and classified as a liability. Goodwill is recognized to the extent by which the aggregate of the acquisition-date fair value of the consideration transferred and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree exceeds the recognized basis of the identifiable assets acquired, net of assumed liabilities. Determining the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed and noncontrolling interests requires management’s judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions.
The Company follows the liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax balances and tax loss carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted or substantially enacted tax rates expected to apply to the taxable income in the years in which those differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the date of enactment or substantive enactment.
The Company operates in one segment for the distribution of products and services. In accordance with the “Segment Reporting” Topic of the ASC, the Company’s chief operating decision maker has been identified as the Chief Executive Officer, who reviews operating results to make decisions about allocating resources and assessing performance for the entire Company. Existing guidance, which is based on a management approach to segment reporting, establishes requirements to report selected segment information quarterly and to report annually entity-wide disclosures about products and services, major customers, and the countries in which the entity holds material assets and reports revenue. All material operating units qualify for aggregation under “Segment Reporting” due to their similar customer base and similarities in: economic characteristics; nature of products and services; and procurement, manufacturing and distribution processes. Since the Company operates in one segment, all financial information required by “Segment Reporting” can be found in the accompanying consolidated financial statements
Revenues. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2019, 48% and 18% of revenue were generated from our two largest customers. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2018, 15%,11%, and 10% of revenue were generated from our three largest customers.
Accounts receivable. At March 31, 2019, one customer of the Company represented 49% of its accounts receivable. At March 31, 2018, one customer of the Company represented 81% of its accounts receivable.
Accounts payable. On March 31, 2019, accounts payable to the Company’s largest vendor represented 52%. There was no vendor that represented 10% or more of the Company’s accounts payable balance on March 31, 2018.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, Leases, which was subsequently amended in 2018 by ASU 2018-10, ASU 2018-11 and ASU 2018-20 (collectively, Topic 842). Topic 842 will require the recognition of a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability, initially measured at the present value of the lease payments, for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. For operating leases, the asset and liability will be expensed over the lease term on a straight-line basis, with all cash flows included in the operating section of the statement of cash flows. For finance leases, interest on the lease liability will be recognized separately from the amortization of the right-of-use asset in the statement of comprehensive income and the repayment of the principal portion of the lease liability will be classified as a financing activity while the interest component will be included in the operating section of the statement of cash flows. Topic 842 is effective for annual and interim reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted. Upon adoption, leases will be recognized and measured at the beginning of the earliest period presented using a modified retrospective approach. Topic 842 allows for a cumulative-effect adjustment in the period the new lease standard is adopted and will not require restatement of prior periods. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of Topic 842 on the Company’s financial statements and disclosures, though the adoption is expected to result in a material increase in the assets and liabilities reflected on the Company’s balance sheets.
In July 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260) and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815) - Accounting for Certain Financial Instruments with Down Round Features. ASU 2017-11 allows companies to exclude a down round feature when determining whether a financial instrument (or embedded conversion feature) is considered indexed to the entity’s own stock. As a result, financial instruments (or embedded conversion features) with down round features may no longer be required to be accounted for as derivative liabilities. A company will recognize the value of a down round feature only when it is triggered and the strike price has been adjusted downward. For equity-classified freestanding financial instruments, an entity will treat the value of the effect of the down round as a dividend and a reduction of income available to common shareholders in computing basic earnings per share. For convertible instruments with embedded conversion features containing down round provisions, entities will recognize the value of the down round as a beneficial conversion discount to be amortized to earnings. The guidance in ASU 2017-11 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, and the guidance is to be applied using a full or modified retrospective approach. The Company plans to adopt ASU 2017-11 on April 1, 2019. The adoption of ASU 2017-11 is not expected to have an impact on the Company’s financial statements and related disclosures because the conversion feature of the Company’s warrants have features other than down round provisions that require the current accounting treatment and classification.
Other recent accounting pronouncements issued by the FASB, including its Emerging Issues Task Force, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and the Securities and Exchange Commission did not or are not believed by management to have a material impact on the Company’s present or future financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef